Florida Law and Government

The Florida law and government is established and operated according to the Constitution of Florida and is composed of three branches of government:

  1. the legislative branch, and the Florida Legislature, consisting of the Senate and House which pass laws;
  2. the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of Florida and lower courts which interprets the law;
  3. the executive branch which carries out and enforces laws. This consists of the Governor of Florida and the other elected and appointed constitutional officers;

The state also allows for direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, and ratification.

florida law and government

There are four types of local governments in Florida: special districts, school districts, municipalities, and counties.

Florida consists of 67 counties. The 10 most heavily populated counties are: Miami-Dade County (south coast), Broward County (south coast), Palm Beach County (south coast), Hillsborough County (west coast), Orange County (east), Pinellas County (west coast), Duval County (north-east coast), Lee County (south-west coast), Polk County (central), and Brevard County (east coast). Each county has officers which are known as “state” officers: these officials are elected locally, and their offices expenses and salaries are paid locally, but they can only be removed from office or replaced by the governor – this includes the sheriff, public defender, state’s attorney, judges, supervisor of elections, clerk of the circuit court, tax collector, and property appraiser.

Laws of Florida

The Constitution of Florida is the foremost source of state law. Legislation is enacted by the Florida Legislature, published in the Laws of Florida, and codified in the Florida Statutes. State agencies publish regulations (also named administrative law) in the Florida Administrative Register (FAR), which are in turn codified in the Florida Administrative Code (FAC). The Florida Administrative Law Reports (FALR), publishes Florida law and government administrative case law reports just like its peers – the Southern Reporter, the Florida Cases, Florida Law Weekly Supplement and Florida Law Weekly.

December 29, 2017


RIVIERA BEACH, City of Appellate Court Issues Writ of Prohibition Removing Presiding Circuit Court Judge From An Eminent Domain Proceeding, ERISI-3051. Circuit Court Affirms Special Master […]
December 29, 2017


OAK HILL, City of Annexation — Voluntary — Circuit Court Order Finding That the City of Edgewater Had Standing to Intervene Reversed, ERISI-2265. OCALA, City of […]
December 29, 2017


HALLANDALE, City of Circuit Court Affirms City Denial of Third Party Challenge to Permit Allow Change of Copy On Nonconforming Business Sign, ERISI-2039. Circuit Court Imposition […]
December 29, 2017


DADE COUNTY Challenge to Approval of Site Plan Modifications to DRI, ERISI-1533. Challenge to Citation For Towing Violations — Circuit Court Reverses & Remands, ERISI-1534. Challenge […]