Florida Law and Government

The Florida law and government is established and operated according to the Constitution of Florida and is composed of three branches of government:

  1. the legislative branch, and the Florida Legislature, consisting of the Senate and House which pass laws;
  2. the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of Florida and lower courts which interprets the law;
  3. the executive branch which carries out and enforces laws. This consists of the Governor of Florida and the other elected and appointed constitutional officers;

The state also allows for direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, and ratification.

florida law and government

There are four types of local governments in Florida: special districts, school districts, municipalities, and counties.

Florida consists of 67 counties. The 10 most heavily populated counties are: Miami-Dade County (south coast), Broward County (south coast), Palm Beach County (south coast), Hillsborough County (west coast), Orange County (east), Pinellas County (west coast), Duval County (north-east coast), Lee County (south-west coast), Polk County (central), and Brevard County (east coast). Each county has officers which are known as “state” officers: these officials are elected locally, and their offices expenses and salaries are paid locally, but they can only be removed from office or replaced by the governor – this includes the sheriff, public defender, state’s attorney, judges, supervisor of elections, clerk of the circuit court, tax collector, and property appraiser.

Laws of Florida

The Constitution of Florida is the foremost source of state law. Legislation is enacted by the Florida Legislature, published in the Laws of Florida, and codified in the Florida Statutes. State agencies publish regulations (also named administrative law) in the Florida Administrative Register (FAR), which are in turn codified in the Florida Administrative Code (FAC). The Florida Administrative Law Reports (FALR), publishes Florida law and government administrative case law reports just like its peers – the Southern Reporter, the Florida Cases, Florida Law Weekly Supplement and Florida Law Weekly.

December 22, 2017


SANTA ROSA COUNTY Ad Valorem Taxation — Circuit Court Denial of Challenge On Basis of Leasehold Interest Affirmed — Santa Rosa Island, TXISI-1584. Circuit Court Ruling […]
December 22, 2017


REVENUE, Dept. of (DOR) (See Also DECLARATORY STATEMENTS; RULES & RULEMAKING; TAXATION) Accord & Satisfaction — Consent Order Can Extend Deadline For Seeking a Refund, TXISI-687. […]
December 22, 2017


ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS, Div. of (See Also PRACTICE & PROCEDURE, Attorney’s Fees & Costs, DOAH; RULES & RULEMAKING) ALACHUA COUNTY Ad Valorem Taxation — Challenge to Assessment […]
December 20, 2017


SANTA FE COLLEGE Circuit Court Dismissal of Petition For Mandamus & Declaratory Judgment Affirmed — Instructor Request For Copy of Derogatory Student E-Mail Sent to Department […]