Florida Law and Government

The Florida law and government is established and operated according to the Constitution of Florida and is composed of three branches of government:

  1. the legislative branch, and the Florida Legislature, consisting of the Senate and House which pass laws;
  2. the judicial branch consisting of the Supreme Court of Florida and lower courts which interprets the law;
  3. the executive branch which carries out and enforces laws. This consists of the Governor of Florida and the other elected and appointed constitutional officers;

The state also allows for direct participation of the electorate by initiative, referendum, and ratification.

florida law and government

There are four types of local governments in Florida: special districts, school districts, municipalities, and counties.

Florida consists of 67 counties. The 10 most heavily populated counties are: Miami-Dade County (south coast), Broward County (south coast), Palm Beach County (south coast), Hillsborough County (west coast), Orange County (east), Pinellas County (west coast), Duval County (north-east coast), Lee County (south-west coast), Polk County (central), and Brevard County (east coast). Each county has officers which are known as “state” officers: these officials are elected locally, and their offices expenses and salaries are paid locally, but they can only be removed from office or replaced by the governor – this includes the sheriff, public defender, state’s attorney, judges, supervisor of elections, clerk of the circuit court, tax collector, and property appraiser.

Laws of Florida

The Constitution of Florida is the foremost source of state law. Legislation is enacted by the Florida Legislature, published in the Laws of Florida, and codified in the Florida Statutes. State agencies publish regulations (also named administrative law) in the Florida Administrative Register (FAR), which are in turn codified in the Florida Administrative Code (FAC). The Florida Administrative Law Reports (FALR), publishes Florida law and government administrative case law reports just like its peers – the Southern Reporter, the Florida Cases, Florida Law Weekly Supplement and Florida Law Weekly.

December 20, 2017


REAL ESTATE Comm. Broker — Comm. Imposition of Suspension Stayed — Fraudulent Conduct On Part of a Subordinate, IAS_IX-3894. Penalty Based On Facts Not Alleged In […]
December 20, 2017


PARI-MUTUEL WAGERING, Div. of 550.054(14) Authorization to Change Permit From Jai-Alai to Greyhound Under Three (3) Enumerated Criterion — Authorization to Operate Remote Card Rooms — […]
December 20, 2017


MANAGEMENT SERVICES, Dept. of Contract (See CONTRACTS (Bids / Protests)) MANATEE COUNTY Public Records Act — Request For “List of Current/Pending Closed Cases” — Circuit Court […]
December 20, 2017


FINANCIAL REGULATION, Office of Bureau of Unclaimed Property — Dept. Must Act Within Statutorily-Prescribed Time Frames, IAS_IX-2069. Petition For Writ of Mandamus Dismissed As Moot, IAS_IX-2070. […]